Biotechnology NY Times
The following article was reported by Kurt Eichenwald, Gina Kolata and Melody Petersen and was written by Mr. Eichenwald.
In late 1986, four executives of the Monsanto Company, the leader in agricultural biotechnology, paid a visit to Vice President George Bush at the White House to make an unusual pitch.
Although the Reagan administration had been championing deregulation across multiple industries, Monsanto had a different idea: the company wanted its new technology, genetically modified food, to be governed by rules issued in Washington — and wanted the White House to champion the idea.
"There were no products at the time, " Leonard Guarraia, a former Monsanto executive who attended the Bush meeting, recalled in a recent interview. "But we bugged him for regulation. We told him that we have to be regulated."
Government guidelines, the executives reasoned, would reassure a public that was growing skittish about the safety of this radical new science. Without such controls, they feared, consumers might become so wary they could doom the multibillion-dollar gamble that the industry was taking in its efforts to redesign plants using genes from other organisms — including other species.
In the weeks and months that followed, the White House complied, working behind the scenes to help Monsanto — long a political power with deep connections in Washington — get the regulations that it wanted.
It was an outcome that would be repeated, again and again, through three administrations. What Monsanto wished for from Washington, Monsanto — and, by extension, the biotechnology industry — got. If the company's strategy demanded regulations, rules favored by the industry were adopted. And when the company abruptly decided that it needed to throw off the regulations and speed its foods to market, the White House quickly ushered through an unusually generous policy of self-policing.
Even longtime Washington hands said that the control this nascent industry exerted over its own regulatory destiny — through the Environmental Protection Agency, the Agriculture Department and ultimately the Food and Drug Administration — was astonishing.
"In this area, the U.S. government agencies have done exactly what big agribusiness has asked them to do and told them to do, " said Dr. Henry Miller, a senior research fellow at the Hoover Institution, who was responsible for biotechnology issues at the Food and Drug Administration from 1979 to 1994.
The outcome, at least according to some fans of the technology? "Food biotech is dead, " Dr. Miller said. "The potential now is an infinitesimal fraction of what most observers had hoped it would be."What are symptoms of lung cancer? What does amiable mean? What time is it in africa? What does it mean when your finger tips turn white and then blue? How to remove gorilla glue? What gauge nichrome wire for wood burning tips? What a rainbow kiss meaning? Tips how student can save money in college? How to cut brussel sprouts? How do you shift and do tricks on mario kart wii? What is fundrise tips beginners investment? How to do a pull up? What does obsolete mean? What are my reminders? How to remove water spots from car? What does a tattoo feel like? What does right person wrong time mean? What doh has tricks of the trade? What is the spiritual meaning of the color green? What little tricks can i do to make my wedding night good for my husband? Is it cheaper top buy tips when there is no inflation? What is antifa what does it mean? What does wtv mean? What does arrivederci mean? How to teach a fancy mouse tricks? What are cognates? How to repost an instagram post? What does star of david symbolize? What is the meaning of the fool tarot card? what is my inbox helper? What does d mean in shoe size? What do you call pole tricks? How do i see my tips on lyft? What are kippers? What is the meaning of ads? What is the meaning of skinwalker? How to sign out of a google account? What is the meaning of industrial psychology? How to vengeful tips? How;s tricks? What does abundance mean? What does mm mean in text? How to engage your core? Why are the tips of the leaves on my new guinea impatiens turning brown? How to prevent colon cancer? How to make music louder on iphone? What does pero mean? Where to find the id of performance tips of sims 4? What is the meaning of domain name? How to set up google alerts? What does chu pa pi nha nho meaning in english? How to keep nail tips from comming off? How to increase libido in men? How to be more confident? What is the meaning of plato's allegory of the cave? What is the meaning of the song sweater weather? Younger tv show what are the id tricks? What does autistic? What are the dimensions of a queen size mattress? What is the meaning of psi in pressure? How to fix a headache? What does modest mean? What does the term goat mean? What does it mean when you poop blood? What is the meaning of the name olivia? What does fulfillment status mean? What are easy card tricks? How do you find percent of a number, taxes discounts and tips? How do people do magic tricks? How to do? What does add mean? How does derek barron do mind tricks? How to find the area of a shape? What team is messi on? What is the only jointless bone in the human body? Tricks to keep your house cool when the ac breaks? how to setup a radio button group mvc html helper How to get rid of wasps? how to make a toddler kitchen helper how to find other helper applications linux how to set helper dragalia lost What does beget mean? What does it mean when a butterfly flies around you? how to disable origin helper in origin youtube What does contingent mean on redfin? What does miscellaneous mean? How to play k10xxxxx opp ajx for 6 tricks? how to re trigger memories icthlarin little helper How to lose belly fat exercise? What does deadpan mean? How to be alone? Tips when buying a used care for a teenager? What is the meaning of the name judy? Tips when applying for social security disability? What age does breast stop growing? How to use ladies shaver electric tips? What is the meaning of chlorofluorocarbons? What does heresy mean? What is meaning of source? How to make butter cream icing? What is the federal minimum wage? How to make philly cheesesteak?
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